Classification of tetracycline staining

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Ceramic veneers Vitadur Alpha, Vita on the master cast. In the current article, we described the pattern of images. Parental and child counseling was done.

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Teeth pigmented by tetracycline. The most common localised cause of enamel hypoplasia is likely to occur following trauma or infection in the primary dentition. Defects in enamel formation may also occur in a number of systemically involved clinical syndromes such as Vitamin D dependent rickets, epidermolysis bullosa and pseudohypoparathyroidism.

These changes are the result of an oxidation product of tetracycline induced by exposure to light.

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In some instances, the mechanism of staining may have an effect on the outcome of treatment and influence the treatment options the dentist will be able to offer to patients. Most of the reviewed literature consisted of case reports; longitudinal clinical trials are necessary to provide more information on the prevalence, severity, etiology and clinical presentation of tetracycline and TCN-derivative staining in the adult population.

Abstract Objective To carry out an extensive review of the literature on tooth staining with particular regard to some of the more recent literature on the mechanisms of tooth staining involving mouthrinses. Some of the materials used in restorative dental treatment may have an effect on the colour of teeth.

Tetracycline and other tetracycline-derivative staining of the teeth and oral cavity. Radiographically the teeth have short roots with conical apical constrictions.

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Haemorrhagic products in a non-vital central. Historically, tooth discolouration has been classified according to the location of the stain, which may be either intrinsic or extrinsic. Adult-onset tooth discoloration following long-term ingestion of tetracycline and minocycline has also been reported.

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For instance, the initial lesion is characterised by an opaque, white spot. The appearance of the dentition is of concern to a large number of people seeking dental treatment and the colour of the teeth is of particular cosmetic importance. In type I dentine dysplasia the primary and secondary dentition are of normal shape and form but may have an amber translucency.

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Prediction of tetracycline induced tooth discolouration. Root resorption is often clinically asymptomatic, however, occasionally the initial presenting feature is a pink appearance at the amelo-cemental junction.

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This condition may be localised or generalised. Oral pathology Tooth discolouration and staining: The use of polymethylmethacrylate to compare the adsoprtion of staining reactions of some cationic antiseptics. Lancet ; I: Bleaching Teeth, 1 st ed. The condition is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.